The elbow joint is a hinge-type joint formed by the articulation of the bones of the arm and forearm. The most common disease in the elbow region is called tennis elbow. The muscles that lift the wrist and fingers upwards attach to a bump on the side of the elbow. This is a condition characterized by swelling at the attachment site of these muscles.

Anatomy of the Elbow Pain and tenderness on palpation are common on the side of the elbow. The patient may experience pain in the elbow with certain hand movements.

Treatment may include pain and anti-inflammatory medications, physical therapy, and cortisone injections into the affected area. Surgery may rarely be necessary.

Certain rheumatic diseases can cause osteoarthritis (joint calcification) in the elbow joint.